Outline of China’s Broadcasting Industry

              Many of you have been asking about the structure of the broadcast/media industry in China.  This post gives some insight into the roles and responsabilities of the official  policy makers in China. China adopts a mechanism of segregated operation and augmented supervision of each industry. The State Administration of Radio, Film & Television (SARFT) is in charge of China’s broadcasting industry and related network video & audio businesses supervision matters. The Ministry of Industry & Information Technology (MIIT) is in charge of China’s telecos industrial supervision matters.

 State Administration of Radio, Film & Television (SARFT) www.sarft.gov.cn

Compile regulations concerning radio, film, television and network video and audio programs, and review and approve related industrial standards. Review and approve the content and quality of radio, film and television programs, and make sure of their correct guidelines of public opinions. Supervise the transmission, censorship and safe broadcasting of radio, film, television and network video and audio programs, and public video and audio media broadcastings. Review, approve and registration of imported radio, film and television programs. Organize and implement public service projects in the field of radio, film and television businesses, and support the construction and development of the field of radio, film and television businesses in undeveloped rural and remote areas.  

Ministry of Industry & Information Technology (MIIT) www.miit.gov.cn

Compile regulations concerning telecos industry, and review and approve related industrial standards. Overall planning for public telecos networks, internet and special telecos networks. Supervise the implementation of telecos business pricing policies and standards. Management of telecos resources distribution and international coordination, improve universal telecos services, and ensure important telecos. Ensure the safety of state information.  

China’s Network Convergence Policy

On January 13, 2010, Premier Wen Jiabao hosted a State Council standing committee meeting, and a decision was made then to speed up and enhance China’s network convergence process. The State Council decided to launch a pilot plan for network convergence businesses in 12 cities from June 30, 2010. As a result, China’s broadcasting industry began to develop into an new era.  

Time Policy Contents 30-Jun-10 announcement of 12 cities included in the pilot plan Network convergence businesses were launched on a trial basis in 12 cities. 1-Jan-10 A time table for network convergence has been set up by the State Council Trial basis from 2010 to 2012, and overall implementation from 2013 to 2015, with network convergence fully accomplished by 2015 when related network convergence businesses become universal. 2009 Several Suggestions of How to Speed up the Development of CATV network Cable network integration to be completed by the end of 2010 and each province will have one integrated network, thus laying the foundation for future network convergence 2008 An Cooperation Agreement for Independent & Innovative State-level High-performance Broadband Network & China’s Next Generation Broadcasting Network It takes 10 years to finish the construction of the NGB network, which will become the nation’s new generation of information infrastructure with characteristics of network convergence. 2008 Several Policies to Encourage the Development of DTV Industry Promote CATV’s digital transition and network convergence, to form a complete DTV industrial chain 2007 Regulating Measures For Internet Video & Audio Programs Service Establish SARFT as the supervisor of internet video & audio programs 2005 An Outline of the Eleventh Five-Year Plan Clarify strategic directions for China’s network convergence business 1999 Known as the No. 82 File, i.e. Guidelines Concerning the Enhanced Management of Radio & Television Networks Construction Neither the broadcasting nor the telecos side is allowed to enter the other’s scope of business.   Source: Sarft.net

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